Hadith 32: No Harming nor Reciprocating Harm

It was related on the authority of Abu Sa’id Sa’d bin Malik bin Sinan al-Khudri (ra) that the Messenger of Allah pbuh said:

“لا ضرر ولا ضرار”
“There should be neither harming nor reciprocating harm.”

This riwayat was from Abi Sa’id also known as Sa’d bin malik bin Sinan al-Khudri (ra), who was one of the companions who was very knowledgeable and always memorizes. He was also amongst the people of Ansar.

This hadith contains very important maxim of fiqh. It is also a short hadith which brings in alot miraculous and great meaning of the speech of the Prophet (pbuh).

Three interpretations of this hadith:

  • There shall be no harm to yourselves and to others
  • There shall be no harm to others, and there shall be no harm to those who harmed you
  • There shall be no harming an individual but benefiting yourself at the same time, and there shall be no harming an individual without bringing benefit to yourself

Bringing harm in this setting means bringing inconvenience to ownself or to others.

An example:

Riwayat from Anas that one day Rasulullah (pbuh) saw a man walking continuously. He enquired about him and it was said that this man said he will go to hajj by foot (though he is able to do so otherwise), so Rasulullah (pbuh) said , “Tell him Allah is in no need of his walking, so let him ride.” (Bukhari & Muslim)

From this we can understand that Islam;

  1. Islam is the religion of peace and security.
  2. Islam is the religion of ease
  3. It repels harm or inconvenience as far as possible to achieve the principle of “prevention is better than cure.”

Wallahualam,

P/S: I am just sharing my madrasah hadith homework here.

Info derived from:
Hadith Commentary
Hadith 40 (Terjemahan dan Syarahnya), Mustafa ‘Abdul Rahman

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